Rhetoric, whether spoken or written, is the art of using language effectively to inform and persuade. It includes the use of three types of appeal to the audience and can be divided into five categories or canons. Most analysis is focused on style. However, it is important to be aware of the other four canons as well as the writer or speaker’s use of appeals. One’s credibility as a speaker and writer. The intellectual power of one’s speech or writing. The emotional power of one’s speech or writing. Conscious use of gesture, expression, and pacing. Artful deviation from ordinary or principal signification of a word. Artful deviation from the ordinary arrangement of words. Exposition is the most commonly used of the traditional modes of discourse. Expository writing sets out to present ideas in a clear, straightforward, objective manner. The most commonly used methods of development in expository writing are analogy, cause and effect, classification, comparison and contrast, definition, illustration, and process analysis. Argument attempts to persuade a reader to accept the writer’s viewpoint or position. For help with essay, please contact https://essayfreelancewriters.com.
Logical argument appeals to the reason or intellect of the reader while persuasive argument appeals primarily to the reader’s emotions and often elicits a call to action or a change in a reader’s belief. Logical argument uses three methods to develop a position: induction, deduction, and analogy. Narration tells a story or presents a sequence of events which occurred over a period of time. If check here is significant in itself, it is narration. If a story illustrates a point in exposition or argument, it may be called illustrative narration. If a story outlines a process step-by-step, it is designated as expository narration. Description presents factual information about an object or experience (objective description) or reports an impression or evaluation of an object or experience (subjective description. Most description combines two purposes. It was a frightening night. The wind blew the shingles off the north side of the house and drove the rain under the door.
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Expository writing includes writing as familiar and as ephemeral as daily newspaper stories and magazine articles and as monumental as the philosophical works of Aristotle, the history of Gibbon, or the science of Darwin. Exposition also includes technical writing such as is found in an encyclopedia and in business and engineering reports. Expository writing also includes non-fiction personal writing such as journals, diaries, and essays of individual experience and opinion, of which Montaigne, Thoreau, Orwell, E.B. White, James Baldwin, Joan Didion, and Virginia Woolf are notable practitioners. It is this branch of exposition, the personal experience essay, sometimes also called "Creative NonFiction," with which we are mainly concerned in this course. This kind of personal essay naturally transforms itself into the higher-level journalism characteristic of such a publication as The New York Times Magazine. The essential difference between "expository" writing and fictional short stories is that everything narrated in a piece of "expository" writing must be absolutely and literally true.
The events MUST have actually happened and have happened where you say they happened and how you say they happened and when you say they happened. Nothing can be "made up." But otherwise, the techniques needed for good fiction are the same as those needed for good creative non-fiction---vivid storytelling, suspense, pace, scene setting, characterization, organic structure, sound themes, irony, figurative language, style and the fundamental secret of superior expository creative non-fiction writing, what I call “literal symbolism,” where a real event is made into a symbol for an entire class of events. All the resources of verbal and literary expression you will be practicing for expository writing are identical to those you might use in writing a good short story, except that exposition claims to be literally true whereas short stories do not. A good many of the devices are also applicable to poetry, though, of course, exposition is in prose, not verse.